JPMorgan believes the central bank digital currencies, or CBDC, could pose a threat to the global hegemony of the US dollar. According to a report covered by Bloomberg, the bank’s chief U.S. economist asserted that “[t]here is no country with more to lose from the disruptive potential of digital currency than the United States.” “This revolves primarily around U.S. dollar hegemony. Issuing the global reserve currency and the medium of exchange for international trade in commodities, goods, and services conveys immense advantages,” the report added.
While JPMorgan doubts the dollar will be displaced as the global reserve currency soon, the report warns that “fragile” peripheral aspects of the currency’s dominance may be eroded, including trade finance and the SWIFT messaging system. During March, eight major banks including HSBC and Citi announced that a collaboratively developed blockchain trade finance will see a commercial launch in Singapore during the second half of 2020. Blockchain-based trade finance initiatives have also been launched in China, Oman, and Europe.
The report advocates that the U.S. launch a digital dollar project in order to migrate its monetary dominance into the rapidly growing digital sphere. JPMorgan warns that other countries could use digital currencies to circumvent the SWIFT system and the reach of economic sanctions, undermining the ability for the United States to exercise power on a global stage through control over the global reserve currency. “Offering a cross-border payment solution built on top of a digital dollar would, particularly if designed to be minimally disruptive to the structure of the domestic financial system, be a very modest investment to protect a key means to project power in the global economy,” the report said.
“For high-income countries and the U.S. in particular, digital currency is an exercise in geopolitical risk management.”
Economist John Vaz offered a critical appraisal of CBDCs, arguing that central bank digital currencies comprise “a kind of rearguard action being fought by the central banks because they don’t like cryptocurrency.” Vaz argued that cryptocurrencies take away the ability for central banks “to pull a lever in the economy because under things like Bitcoin, you can’t create money by the way of credit.” “Central bank digital currencies are probably more about tracking money than providing benefit,” he added.
Ethereum DeFi Breaks Records in June, However, Other Categories Are Suffering
Results for the second quarter of 2020 show tremendous growth for decentralized applications across all ecosystems, primarily spearheaded by Ethereum (ETH) decentralized finance, or DeFi. Decentralized exchanges were at the frontlines of the rise as Compound token mining activity trickled down to on-chain swapping solutions. According to Our Network, Curve was one of the biggest beneficiaries of yield farming as it helped users switch between different stablecoins to maximize yield.
Curve is an automated money market that only supports swaps between different types of stablecoins and wrapped tokens. This limitation allows Curve to provide competitive slippage and fees for exchanging assets. Deposits on Curve rose almost three-fold in June, while daily volume reached peaks of $60 million — 30 times more than its previous average. Demand for USDT pairs was the highest, capturing more than 58.5% of the total volume. This is due to USDT having one of the most significant COMP yields for an extended period of time. Uniswap also benefited from the COMP craze, with monthly volume doubling in June. Kyber and 0x had more modest performances: despite posting fresh monthly highs, the project’s growth was in line with the rest of the year.
According to DappRadar’s Q2 report, the dominance of DeFi indirectly led to the decline of gaming activity. Over $8 billion was transacted on DeFi platforms in Q2, which led to gas prices soaring exponentially. Ethereum’s vibrant gaming DApp ecosystem suffered as fees came to represent a significant portion of each transaction. DappRadar reported a staggering 79% decline of gaming-related activity on-chain over the previous quarter.
EOS appears to be the main recipient of Ethereum’s loss as its gaming transaction volume rose by about 80% since the previous quarter. While this is positive news for the platform, it still hasn’t fully recovered from the damage caused by the EIDOS airdrop in late 2019. Volumes remain well below the highs of Q2 2019. Finally, Tron (TRX) saw growth in its DeFi ecosystem after porting several Ethereum projects on its chain. In addition to the previously-launched clone of Single Collateral Dai, a platform named Oikos.cash recreated both Synthetix and Uniswap on Tron. Nevertheless, total volume for all Q2 is just $15 million. The majority of Tron’s activity remains in the gambling and “high-risk” categories.
EOSIO-Based Social Media Platform Voice Launches Ahead of Schedule
Voice, a blockchain-based social media project developed by EOS creator Block.One, briefly went live one day before its scheduled launch. Based on the open source EOSIO protocol, Voice aims to use Blockchain technology to create a trusted social experience, free from bots and fake accounts. Revealed in June 2019, the project uses biometric authentication technology to verify every account, limiting accounts to one-per-person and promising to protect user data.
Voice’s main page temporarily displayed several posts from different accounts which featured multiple likes and comments. As of press time, the website is no longer available. It now displays “Error 1020” instead, which specifies that the website is “using a security service to protect itself from online attacks.”. In early June, Zalatimo announced that the platform is set to roll out on U.S. Independence Day. He noted that only registered users would be able to publish content or engage online.
After revealing their plans for Voice in June 2019, EOS’ parent firm, Block.One, invested $150 million in Voice during March 2020. The investment was said to provide Voice with resources to operate independently from Block.One. Numerous blockchain-related social media projects have been released to date.
Cardano’s ADA Could Be Listed On Coinbase In 2020
Cardano’s native cryptocurrency, ADA, may be listed on Coinbase by the end of 2020. This news comes following an announcement that ADA holders will soon be able to stake their assets in Coinbase custody.
A spokesperson from IOHK — Cardano’s development company — released the following statement replying to the question of whether a Coinbase listing is also in the works:
This news comes amid Cardano’s Virtual Summit, which revealed a plethora of news updates for the project this week. On July 2, it was announced that IOHK is launching cFund in partnership with Wave Financial Group. cFund will be a venture fund aimed at fostering adoption of IOHK’s blockchain platforms. The company has initially committed $10 million, with another $10 million to be raised by its partner. cFund is expected to make investments worth $250,000–$500,000 in “startup and early-stage businesses that build their products and services on IOHK’s blockchain technologies, including Cardano.”
In a recent tweet, Cardano founder harles Hoskinson pointed out that the Cardano Virtual Summit has already been attended by over 10,000 guests, making it bigger than popular Blockchain conference Consensus.
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